How Ultrasonic Scalers Have Improved Dental Healthcare Provision

Dental scaling is an integral part of dental healthcare and it involves carrying out conventional periodontal therapy, non-surgical periodontal therapy or deep cleaning to remove the etiological elements that cause inflammation and dental plaque. Ultrasonic scalers have been used in dental healthcare provision since the 1950s when it became evident that the ultrasound could effectively remove deposits from teeth.

The main action of dental ultrasonic scalers is mechanical whereby the high vibration energy crushes and removes calculus and dental plaque. There are also other actions, and which include creating shockwaves that disrupt bacterial cells, the use of turbulence to disrupt biofilms, as well as irrigation which can be defined as the therapeutic washing and flushing of the periodontal pocket.

Dental ultrasonic scalers consist of a wand with a small scaling tip that produces a soft ultrasonic vibration. It is the effect of the small ultrasonic vibration coupled with the effect of the water flowing at significant pressure that gives a whole new level of effectiveness to calculus removal. There are many benefits of using dental ultrasonic scalers and which include increased efficiency of calculus removal, less need for hand-scaling of stubborn deposits, as well as more comfortable access to root surfaces courtesy of the small tip.

Ultrasonic scalers are definitely very important equipment in dental healthcare provision as they help dentists to remove calculus and thus reduce the volume of harmful bacteria below the gum line. They are essential tools in the prevention and treatment of periodontal disease. Dental ultrasonic scalers typically use either magnetostrictive or piezoelectric systems to create vibrations. Ultrasonic scalers also feature a liquid output or lavage whose purpose is to aid in cooling the tool during use as well as rinsing off all the unwanted materials that have been collected from the teeth and the gum line. In addition to these basic roles the lavage can also be used to deliver antimicrobial agents.

The main advantage of using dental ultrasonic scalers over sonic scalers is that they are faster and less irritating to the clients and as such they are more popular with both dentists and their clients. Apart from this, ultrasonic scalers are also preferred by dentists since they greatly reduce their chances of suffering Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, especially for dentists who work long hours. Over the years advances in technology have optimized the quality of periodontal therapy with integration of power scaling techniques resulting in improved clinical outcomes, better patient comfort, as well as reduced time and physical demands on the clients. In order to achieve the best results with dental scalers it is advisable to use a combined approach whereby the power ultrasonic scalers are used together with hand instruments.